CME Conference – Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Learning Objectives

 

Cardiovascular

  • Review cardiomyopathies and the characteristics of each
  • Discuss pericarditis and the signs and symptoms of this disease
  • Understand and review conduction problems and heart rhythms
  • Discuss the treatments of conduction delays such as atrial fibrillation and heart blocks
  • Understand Bundle Branch Blocks and what this means for a patient, including treatments and the significance
  • Know tachycardia, causes and treatments
  • Understand and be able to discuss the lethal arrhythmias
  • Discuss the causes, risk factors, and treatments of CHF
  • Know and differentiate primary versus secondary hypertension
  • Understand and be able to define the difference between pre-hypertension, hypertension, hypertensive urgency and hypertensive emergency
  • Know the treatments for hypertension
  • Review cardiac drugs and the pharmacology
  • Understand orthostatic hypotension and the causes of this disease
  • Discuss the differential diagnosis of chest pain and know how to diagnose them
  • Know acute coronary syndrome
  • Understand prinzmetal angina, angina, and ischemic disease
  • Be able to differentiate the different causes of STEMIs
  • Know the treatments of STEMIs and the contraindications to the treatments
  • Discuss aneurysms and the risk factors for having an aneurysm
  • Understand peripheral arterial disease, causes and treatments
  • Discuss phlebitis, DVT and Virchow’s Triad
  • Differentiate the multiple types of valvar heart disease
  • Know the mnemonic PAPPA and the significance of this in understanding causes of chest pain
  • Discuss cardiac enzymes, what they mean and the significance of them
  • Be able to dissect the EKG and understand the leads and rhythms
  • Discuss the EKG changes associated with a STEMI and the types of STEMI
  • Understand the cardiac blood flow of the heart
  • Discuss the reasons for a widened QRS including WPW
  • Discuss the findings for different tachycardia and whether it is stable or unstable
  • Be able to recognize all major rhythms on EKG

Pulmonary

  • Identify how not to make a HORID mistake when diagnosing respiratory complaints
  • Discuss reactive airway disease and the differences in presentation and treatment of asthma versus COPD
  • Understand cystic fibrosis and who this affects
  • Discuss infections of the lungs such as bronchitis, RSV, bronchiolitis, influenza and pertussis
  • Discuss tuberculosis (TB) and know the screening tests, treatment, and risks of TB
  • Review lung cancer and the different types of lung cancer
  • Understand the types of pneumonia and the causes and treatments for these infections
  • Review pleural effusions, pneumothorax and hemithorax
  • Discuss chest radiographs
  • Be able to systemically read a chest radiograph
  • Know some specific and important signs seen on CXRs
  • Know the CXR presentation of common pulmonary and cardiac diseases
  • Review CXRs and practice reading these x-rays

Gastrointestinal / Nutrition

  • Discuss and know the buzz words of Gastroenterology
  • Know esophagitis, factors of this disease, symptoms, and treatments
  • Define acute and chronic cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, and cholangitis and know the symptoms, treatments, and surgical options
  • Discuss LFTs and what they mean
  • Know the disease pancreatitis, the enzymes related to this and Ranson’s Criteria
  • Discuss hepatitis and know the differentiation between the different hepatitis diseases and cirrhosis
  • Know acute infections and diseases in Gastroenterology including appendicitis, mesenteric ischemia, and bowel obstruction
  • Differentiate the difference between Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis
  • Know acute infections and diseases in Gastroenterology including appendicitis, diverticulitis, mesenteric ischemia, and bowel obstruction
  • Differentiate between Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis
  • Discuss abdominal neoplasms and know the big statistics
  • Define constipation and diarrhea and know the causes and treatments of these
  • Discuss reasons and complications for bowel obstruction
  • Be able to define and talk about rectal illnesses such as fissures, fistulas, hemorrhoids and perirectal abscesses

Musculoskeletal

  • Know common fractures of the upper extremities and how to define and splint them
  • Know common fractures of the lower extremities and know how to define and splint those as well
  • Discuss Salter-Harris fractures in children and know the classifications
  • Understand cauda equine syndrome and know the symptoms of this illness
  • Discuss diseases of the hip such as avascular necrosis, hip fractures, hip dislocations, and slipped capital femoral epiphysis
  • Discuss acute infectious processes of the bone including osteomyelitis and septic arthritis
  • Know compartment syndrome and the significance of the P’s
  • Define arthritic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and gouty arthritis

Endocrine

  • Discuss hypo and hyperthyroidism and know the symptoms, complications, and treatments of these diseases
  • Understand diabetes and be able to discuss diabetes
  • Know the symptoms, findings, complications and treatments of diabetes
  • Discuss the adrenal glands and know the difference between Addison’s and Cushing’s Syndrome

Hematologic

  • Understand the CBC, the make up of the CBC and the values
  • Know how to work-up a septic patient
  • Understand the difference between AML and CML leukemia
  • Be able to discuss anemia and differentiate between microcytic, normocytic, and macrocytic anemia
  • Understand the electrolytes and the symptoms and causes of sodium and potassium electrolyte abnormalities
  • Discuss kidney function studies, LFTs, and pancreatic enzymes
  • Know what the cardiac enzymes are and what they mean
  • Understand basic microbiology in regards to urine testing

Neurological

  • Discuss the five peripheral neuropathies, Bell’s Palsy, diabetic neuropathy, Guillian Barre, Myasthenia Gravis, and Lambert-Eaton
  • Review headaches, differentiate between the types of headaches, symptoms, and treatments
  • Know which headaches are BAD, SAH, meningitis, and Temporal Arteritis and how to differentiate these from non emergent headaches
  • Discuss CVA/stroke and know the symptoms, risk factors, and treatments of stroke
  • Review of concussions and the current recommendations
  • Review multiple sclerosis, the work up and treatment of this disease
  • Review movement disorders such as Huntington’s Disorder and Parkinson’s Disease
  • Discuss seizure disorders, treatments, and potential concerns
  • Review of syncope, types of syncope and when to be concerned
  • Review of the cranial nerves

Infectious Diseases

  • Discuss fungal infections and the characteristics of these
  • Understand the fungal infections, treatments and places where these infections present
  • Know meningitis, the work up, treatment, and symptoms of this disease
  • Discuss and review pneumonia, types of pneumonia, causes, and treatments
  • Discuss microbiology and review the types of bacteria
  • Review of common antibiotics
  • Discuss and parasitic diseases
  • Discuss common viral infections such and cytomegalovirus, mono, herpes, HIV, and influenza and know the most common factors and treatments for these diseases
  • Know risk factors for rabies

EENT

  • Know the following diseases of the eye and the symptoms, causes and treatments of these diseases: blepharitis, cataracts, chalazion, conjuctivitis, glaucoma, hyphema, and retinopathy
  • Discuss acute illnesses of the ENT track such as pharyngitis, laryngitis, sinusitis, and otitis media
  • Know the acutely emergent causes of ENT acute emergencies and how to differentiate these from other illnesses such as peritonsillar abscesses, Ludwig’s angina, and retropharyngeal abscess’s
  • Review common rashes such as rityriasis rosacea, rosacea, scabies infestation, contact and allergic dermatitis

Dermatologic

  • Know the treatments of the discussed rashes
  • Review the types of skin cancer and the differentiation of the types
  • Discuss common infections of the skin such as molluscum, varicella, and varicella-zoster, and tinea infections

Reproductive

  • Discuss infections of the reproductive tract such as bacterial vaginitis, candidiasis, and sexually transmitted diseases as gonorrhea and chlamydia
  • Discuss endometriosis and polycystic ovarian syndrome and the causes, symptoms and treatments of these illnesses
  • Know complications of pregnancy and the treatment of these complications such as premature rupture ofmembranes, threatened abortion and abortion, abruptio placentae, and placental previa
  • Understand hypertension and diabetes in pregnancy and the potential complications of each

Genitourinary

  • Define hydrocele, varicocele, and spermatocele
  • Discuss testicular torsion and know the emergent nature of the illness
  • Discuss renal failure, the causes, symptoms, and treatment of a patient in renal failure
  • Understand polycystic kidney disease

Psychiatric Behavioral

  • Know the DSM axis diagnosis and differentiation of mental disorders
  • Discuss major depression and bipolar disorder and the possible treatments
  • Understand the types of personality disorders and know the types of these disorders
  • Review substance abuse disorders
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